(Videos can be found in the Resources section on the OCA student website)
Monoprint >< Monotype disambiguation
According to Jonathan Jarvis, technician tutor printmaking at Farnham, a Monoprint is a one-off as opposed to a monotype which is a series of prints. Permanently marking the plate does not at all come into it. According to Drawing Magazine it is the Monoprint that produces the series (see blog post Research into Monotype)
Preparing the plate:
- work the ink with a pallet knife. Cold ink is stiff, working it makes it softer.
- Draw the ink out with the roller – the rolling movement has a flip (ensures even spreading)
- fast rolling picks up ink – slow rolling puts ink down -> control amount of ink on the plate
- Amount of ink on the plate:
- thick layer of ink: saturated marks but hard to control (esp. for traced monoprints)
- thin layer of ink: less saturated but results in clear and controlled marks
- -> use not more ink than necessary. Listen! it should sound velvety
- Traced monotypes need a thin film of ink for controlled marks
- Reductive monotypes need more ink
Direct printing (not put through a press) is very sensitive to the paper used. The surface of the paper remains much more visible and influences the outcome very much. There are special printing papers that are not sized and soft.
- Thick, soft papers result in soft marks >< thin, hard papers allow sharp, crisp marks
- Absorbent papers draw the ink in >< non-absorbent papers keep the ink on the surface (can become glossy). Jonathan Jarvis also mentions that the ink can be put behind the paper. I wonder what he means??
Wetting the paper:
Different types of paper need different wetting techniques.
- Wet thin papers with a sponge on both sides
- Thick papers can be soaked. Soaking time varies greatly between papers!
- Let excess water run off
- Sponge off excess water on both sides with a natural sponge to not harm the paper.
- Roll between two sheets of blotting paper
- Sync the wetting with the plate, both should be ready at the same time!
Modification of the ink:
By adding printing bases the ink can be modified. Translucent base makes the ink more translucent so it will combine with the paper or colour(s) underneath it. An opaque white will make the colour of the ink chalkier and less translucent. -> Check out what there is and what it does!
- Where colours are overprinted they become darker and lose some of their hue. Can be compensated for by adding an opaque base or white
- Colour A on top of colour B does give a different result than B on A
- Remember: The colour that is on top on the printingplate will be at the bottom on the paper, everything is reversed!
- By overprinting colours a sense of pictorial space and depth can be achieved
- Explore this!
Reeves, T. (Project Leader): Printmaking – Monoprinting, UCA Open Educational Resources. (parts 1-5) http://www.oca-student.com/resource-type/video/printmaking-pt1-introduction-uca-video